Estimation of Oil-Water Contact Level Using Different Approaches: A Case Study for an Iraqi Carbonate Reservoir
Keywords:Oil-Water Contact, Free Water Level, MDT Test, Capillary Pressure, Well Logging
In petroleum industry, an accurate description and estimation of the Oil-Water Contact
(OWC) is very important in quantifying the resources (i.e. original oil in place (OIIP)), and
optimizing production techniques, rates and overall management of the reservoir. Thus,
OWC accurate estimation is crucial step for optimum reservoir characterization and
exploration. This paper presents a comparison of three different methods (i.e. open hole
well logging, MDT test and capillary pressure drainage data) to determine the oil water
contact of a carbonate reservoir (Main Mishrif) in an Iraqi oil field "BG”. A total of three
wells from "BG" oil field were evaluated by using interactive petrophysics software "IP
v3.6". The results show that using the well logging interpretations leads to predict OWC
depth of -3881 mssl. However, it shows variance in the estimated depth (WELL X; -3939,
WELL Y; -3844, WELL Z; -3860) mssl, which is considered as an acceptable variation
range due to the fact that OWC height level in reality is not constant and its elevation is
usually changed laterally due to the complicated heterogeneity nature of the reservoirs.
Furthermore, the results indicate that the MDT test can predict a depth of OWC at -3889
mssl, while the capillary drainage data results in a OWC depth of -3879 mssl. The proper
MDT data and SCAL data are necessary to reduce the uncertainty in the estimation
process. Accordingly, the best approach for estimating OWC is the combination of MDT
and capillary pressure due to the field data obtained are more reliable than open hole well
logs with many measurement uncertainties due to the fact of frequent borehole conditions.
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