Geochemical and Palynological Analysis in Assessing Hydrocarbon Potential and Palaeoenvironmental Deposition, North Iraq


  • Dr. Ahmed Asker Najaf Alahmed College of science – University of Al-nahrain
  • Amer S. Al-Gibouri College of science –University of Al-Anbar -iraq



  Geochemical  and Palynological  analysis were carried out to assess hydrocarbon potential     and  palaeoenvironmental deposition for  (27) core and cutting rock samples recovered from selected oil exploratory wells , Makhul-2 (Mk-2),Qarachuq-1 (Qc-1) and Qarachuq-2(Qc-2), TaqTaq-1(Taq-1), Butmah-15 (Bm-15), Ajeel-8 (Aj-8)and Jabal kand( Jk -1) ,encountered from Butmah Formation ( Lower-Middle Liassic) ,  Sargelu Formation (Middle Jurassic )  and Naokelekan Formation  (upper Jurassic ) .The value of palynological analyses in the undertaken study is to resolve stratigraphic and palaeoenvironmental consequences of Jurassic Period in Iraq 

, thus the  profuse of plant cuticle   of translucent phytoclast in the  basin of deposition  refers  to proximal deposi

tional environment due to their specific gravity of this type of plant cuticle , whereas the  opaque organic matter produced either from highly oxidized environment or from forest fire residues could refer  due to its light specific gravity to distal depositional environment that this type could transported far from the continents toward the aquatic environment . Recurring Type A Amorphous kerogen indicates Oil –Prone beside various amorphous types (B, C, D) within Zagros Fold Belt. The specified palynomorphs recovered from palynological analysis declared so many indications to   determine the potentiality of source rocks .Almost all slides shows spores and pollen, phytoclasts and amorphous organic matter. Extracted resins and pigments are indicating toxic environment of type II-III kerogen that generates oil with subordinate gas.Geochemical analysis can aid also the undertaken study by determination the Terrestrial origin and kerogen type II-III .Previously proved that all crude oils within this sub- basin is belong to family A (sourced from Middle Jurassic Sargelu Formation) nearby local   basins of family B (sourced from U. Triassic Kurra chine,   and Rhaetic Baluti Shale Formation). Jurassic Period is considered as a generative hydrocarbon rock unit by means of both optical and chemical approaches definitely in the Great Kirkuk region and surrounding areas in North Iraq. Meanwhile the current studies focused on the western desert as promising reservoirs related with hydrocarbon pathways from Mesopotamian Basin.





How to Cite

Alahmed, D. A. A. . N.; Al-Gibouri , A. S. Geochemical and Palynological Analysis in Assessing Hydrocarbon Potential and Palaeoenvironmental Deposition, North Iraq. Journal of Petroleum Research and Studies 2011, 2, 97-116.