Iron Ionic Imprinted Polymers IIps for Separation and Preconcentration of Iron from Crude and Fuel Oil
A novel Iron ion-imprinted polymers (IIPs) was synthesized by bulk polymerization using different types of monomers such as 1-vinyl imidazole and Styrene, respectively. Molar ratios of monomer, template and cross-linking agent for polymerization, various monomers and solvents were studied to obtain the largest adsorption capacity for Iron. The prepared Iron-IIPs were characterized using energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), Fourier - transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and Scanning electron microscopy (SEM).
The three-dimensional network structure surfaces of Iron-IIPs are unaffected by the elution procedure. Iron ions were successfully eluted from IIPs using a mixed solution from ethanol and acetic acid. The maximum adsorption capacity of Iron-IIPs was is (514.5)µmol/g for Iron-IIP1(using styrene as a monomer) and (429.1) µmol/g for Iron-IIP2(using 1-vinyl imidazole as a monomer). The adsorption by Iron-IIPs followed a Langmuir isotherm models. Solid-phase extraction (SPE) syringe packed with ionic imprinted polymers (IIPs) were used to selective separation for Iron ion from Crude or fuel oil and digest the polymer to determination the Iron by flame atomic absorption spectroscopy (FAAS) Abbreviation IIP-SPE-FAAS.
Al-Swaidan HM, The determination of lead, nickel and Fe in Saudi Arabian crude oil by sequential injection analysis/inductively-coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Talanta 43,(1996) ,1313
Jasim, Omar A., Abdulhameed Raheem Al-Sarraf. Study the Preparation of Polymeric Coatings Supported by Nanomaterials to Inhibit Corrosion in the Oil Tanks. Journal of Petroleum Research and Studies 10.1, (2020), 55-69.
T.D. Saint'Pierre, L.F. Dias, S.M. Maia, A.J. Curtius, Determination of Cd, Cu, Fe, Pb and Tl in gasoline as emulsion by electrothermal vaporization inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry with analyte addition and isotope dilution calibration techniques. Spectrochim. Acta Part B 59, (2004) 551–558.
R.Q. Aucélio, A. Doyle, B.S. Pizzorno, M.L.B. Tristão, R.C. Campos, Electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometric method for the determination of vanadium in diesel and asphaltene prepared as detergentless microemulsions, Microchem. J. 78, (2004), 21–26.
Sondos H. Juma, Ahmed S. Jasem, Treatment of polluting elements in the soil in the Dora refinery, Journal of Petroleum Research and Studies,7, (2017), 28-44.
Dittert, Ingrid M., et al.,Direct and simultaneous determination of Cr and Fe in crude oil using high-resolution continuum source graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry. Spectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy, 64.6, (2009), 537-543.
R.C. Bolzan, L.F. Rodrigues, J.C.P. Mattos, V.L. Dressler, E.M.M. Flores, Chromium determination in pharmaceutical grade barium sulfate by solid sampling electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry with Zeeman-effect background correction, Talanta 74 , (2007), 119–124.
G.P. Brandão, R.C. Campos, E.V.R. Castro, H.C. Jesus, Determination of copper, iron and vanadium in petroleum by direct sampling electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 62, (2007), 962–969.
Khayatian, Gholamreza, et al, Preconcentration, determination and speciation of iron by solid-phase extraction using dimethyl (E)-2-[(Z)-1-acetyl)-2 hydroxy-1-propenyl]-2-butenedioate Química Nova 35, (2012), 535-540.
M.G.R. Vale, I.C.F. Damin, A. Klassen, M.M. Silva, B.Welz, A.F. Silva, F.G. Lepri, D.L.G. Borges, U. Heitmann, Method development for the determination of nickel in petroleum using line-source and high-resolution continuum-source graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry, Microchem. J. 77, (2004), 131–140.
R.Q. Aucélio, A.J. Curtius, Comparative study of electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometric methods for the determination of silver in used lubricating oils, Analyst 125, (2000), 1673–1679.
R.E. Santelli, M.A. Bezerra, A.S. Freire, E.P. Oliveira, M.F.B. Carvalho, Non-volatile vanadium determination in petroleum condensate, diesel and gasoline prepared as detergent emulsions using GF AAS, Fuel 87, (2008), 1617–1622.
M.N. Matos Reyes, R.C. Campos, Graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometric determination of Ni and Pb in diesel and gasoline samples stabilized as microemulsion using conventional and permanent modifiers, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 60, (2005), 615–624.
Darmawan, W., et al., Synthesis of ion imprinted polymer for separation and preconcentration of iron (III). AIP Conference Proceedings. Vol. 2242. No. 1. AIP Publishing LLC, 2020.
J. Scancar, R. Milacic, A novel approach for speciation of airborne chromium by convective-interaction media fast-monolithic chromatography with electro thermal atomic-absorption spectrometric detection, Analyst 127 (2002) 629.
V.M. Biju, J.M. Gladis, T.P. Rao, Ion imprinted polymer particles: synthesis, characterization and dysprosium ion uptake properties suitable for analytical applications Anal. Chim. Acta 478 (2003) 43.
R. Say, E. Birlik, A. Ersöz, F. Yılmaz, T. Gedikbey, A. Denizli, Preconcentration of copper on ion-selective imprinted polymer microbeads Anal. Chim. Acta 480 (2003) 251.
C. Crescenzi, S. Bayoudh, P.A.G. Cormack, T. Kklein, K. Ensing, Efficient sample pre-concentration of bupivacaine from human plasma by solid-phase extraction on molecularly imprinted polymers, Anal. Chem.73 (2001) 2171
Xue Zhanga, Jian Yanga, Chao Wanga, Yakun Suna, Zhaosheng Liua, Yanping Huanga,, Haji Akber Aisaa, Improving imprinting effect by reducing sites embedding: Selective extraction of 1,2,3,4,6-penta-O-galloyl-β-D-glucose from Paeonia lactiflora Pall by hydrophilic molecularly imprinted polymers based on macromonomer and metal ion pivot, Microchemical Journal, 158 (2020) 105140
L.I. Andersson, Efficient sample pre-concentration of bupivacaine from human plasma by solid-phase extraction on molecularly imprinted polymers Analyst 125 (2000) 1515.
Ahmed Jalil Al-Safi, Yehya Kamal Al-Bayati, Synthesis and characterization of molecularly imprinted polymer for tramadol HCl using acryl amide and 2-hydroxyethyl meth acrylate as monomers, Curr. Issues Pharm. Med. Sci., 31, (2018), 81-88.
Adnan R Mahdi, Suham T Ameen, Yehya K Al-Bayati, Preparation of New Molecularly Imprinted Polymers and its Use in the Selective Extraction For Determination Phenylephrine Hydrochloride at Pharmaceuticals, IJDDT, 9,(2019),651-659.
Yehya Kamal Al-Bayati, Ahmed Jalil Al-Safi, Synthesis and Characterization of a Molecularly Imprinted Polymer for Diclofenac Sodium Using (2-vinylpyridine and 2-hydroxyethyl metha acrylate) as the Complexing Monomer. Baghdad Science Journal,15,(2018), 63-72.
O. Vigneau, C. Pinel, M. Lemaire, Ionic imprinted resins based on EDTA and DTPA derivatives for lanthanides (III) separation, Anal. Chim. Acta 435 (2001) 75.
Mohammad Behbahani, Mohsen Taghizadeh, Akbar Bagheri, Hadi Hosseini, Mani Salarian, Atieh Tootoonchi, A nanostructured ion-imprinted polymer for the selective extraction and preconcentration of ultra-trace quantities of nickel ions, Microchim Acta 178 (2012) 429–437.
M.Behbahani, A.Bagheri, M.Taghizadeh, M. Salarian, O.Sadeghi, L.Adlnasab, K.Jalali, Synthesis and characterisation of nano structure lead (II)ion-imprinted polymer as a new sorbent for selective extraction and preconcentration of ultra trace amounts of lead ions from vegetables, rice, and fish samples, Food Chem. 138 (2013) 2050–2056.
M. Gawin, J. Konefał, B. Trzewik, S. Walas, A. Tobiasz, H. Mrowiec, E. Witek, Preparation of a new Cd(II)-imprinted polymer and its application to determination of cadmium(II) via flow-injection-flame atomic absorption spectrometry, Talanta 80 (2010) 1305–1310.
J. Otero-Romani, A. Moreda-Pineiro, P. Bermejo-Barrera, A. Martin-Esteban, Inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry/mass spectrometry for the determination of Cu, Ni, Pb and Zn in seawater after ionic imprinted polymer based solid phase extraction, Talanta 79 (2009) 723–729.
C.A. Quirarte-Escalante, V. Soto, W.D.L. Cruz, G.R. Porras, R. Manriquez, S.Gomez-salazar, Synthesis of hybrid adsorbents combining sol-gel processing and molecular imprinting applied to lead removal from aqueous streams, Chem. Mater. 21 (2009) 1439–1450.
G.Z. Fang, J. Tan, X.P. Yan, An ion-imprinted functionalized silica gel sorbent prepared by a surface imprinting technique combined with a sol-gel process for selective solid-phase extraction of cadmium(II), Anal. Chem. 77 (2005)1734–1739.
Y.C. Zhan, X.B. Luo, S.S. Nie, Y.N. Huang, X.M. Tu, S.L. Luo, Selective separation of Cu(II) from aqueous solution with a novel Cu(II) surface magnetic ion-imprinted polymer, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 50 (2011) 6355–6361.
Z.C. Li, H.T. Fan, Y. Zhang, M.X. Chen, Z.Y. Yu, X.Q. Cao, T. Sun, Cd(II)-imprinted polymer sorbents prepared by combination of surface imprinting techniquewith hydrothermal assisted sol–gel process for selective removal of cadmium from aqueous solution, Chem. Eng. J. 171 (2011) 703–710.
Helena M.V. Oliveira, Felismina T.C. Moreira, M. Goreti F. Sales, Ciprofloxacin-imprinted polymeric receptors as ionophores for potentiometric transduction. Electrochimica Acta 56 (2011) 2017–2023.
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.