A Study of Properties of Polyethylene Glycol and Its Glass Fibers Composites under UV-Rad for Oils Filtration Applications

PEG/Glass fibers composites


  • Hanaa Jawad alesa University of Babylon
  • Balqees M. Al – Dabbagh University of Technology




PEG , flow time, Shore D. UV rad


This study determines the effects of UV radiation and heat treatment on many flow and mechanical parameters of PEG 4000, including flow time and viscosity (specific, reduced, relative, and intrinsic). Solubility time and shore D hardness are among the mechanical characteristics. By adjusting the concentrations of solutions in the range (0.01–0.03) g/ml of heating and non-heating PEG powders, and examining the polymer's solubility at the same time, the flow characteristics of the polymer are explored. Random glass fiber reinforcement in the range of 0.1–0.4 wt has also been studied to indicate the effect on shore hardness. After exposing the produced plates to ultraviolet light, the efficacy of the plates in purifying the oil from contaminants was investigated. The results show that increasing the concentration increases all types of viscosity and flow time, with the exception of intrinsic viscosity, which decreases as concentrations increase. Other parameters decrease after the first UV ray and heat treatment, but increase as the time of UV ray treatment increases. Furthermore, increasing the weight ratio of glass fibers from 0.1 to 0.4 wt lowered shore hardness, whereas increasing the weight ratio at the same previous range increased it after UV rad. While solubility data refers to increasing polymer weight and radiation help increase solubility time. The filtration efficacy   of the small particles of the produced filters increased after the overlapping plates were exposed to UV radiation, owing to the smaller pore diameters.     


M. Elices, J. Pérez-Rigueiro, G. R. Plaza, and G. V. Guinea,"Finding Inspiration in Argiope Trifasciata Spider Silk Fibers”, The journal of the Minerals, Metals & Materials Society, vol.5 , p. 60-66, 2005.

G. Gisela, H. Bernd, F. Heribert, and K. Ruprecht, "Clinical use of polyethylene glycols as marker substances and determination in urine by liquid chromatography", Journal of Chromatography B, vol. 787 , p, 271-279, 2003.

Z. Jun, W. Chunying, J. Guoqing, W. Xiuli, T. Qian, F. Zhaochi, and L. Can, "The structural transition and compaction of human telomeric G-quadruplex induced by excluded volume effect under cation-deficient conditions", Biophysical Chemistry, vol. 136, 2008.

H. Mayama, S. M. Nomura, H. Oana, and K. Yoshikawa, “Self-oscillating polymer chain”, Chemical Physics Letters, vol. 330, no. 3–4, pp. 361-367, 2000.


G. Apsar, Md. Musthak, and J. Ahmed, "Study of Factors Affecting Tape-Wound Composite Helical Spring Prepared by E-Glass/Epoxy by Using Taguchi Method and Statistical Distributions", International Journal of Composite Materials, vol. 10, pp. 10-17, 2020. DOI: 10.5923/j.cmaterials.20201001.02

J. Rajendra, and D. Narain, "Viscometric properties of aqueous solutions of Poly (ethylene) glycols at 15o C", Der Pharmacia Lettre, vol. 7, pp.126-133, 2015.

M. M. Barbooti, B. D. Al-Dabbagh, and R. H. Hilal, "Preparation, characterization and utilization of polyacrylic acid–kaolin composite in the removal of heavy metals from water", International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 16 pp. 4571–4582, 2019.

B. Aldabbagh, H. Jawad, and R. Mahdi, "Study of the properties of MgO/ Poly methyl methacrylate Nano-composites", Journal of Physics: Conference Series, Vol. 2114, 3rd International Conference in Physical Science and Advanced Materials (PAM 2021) 24-28 September 2021, Istanbul, Turkey, p. 012039. DOI 10.1088/1742-6596/2114/1/012039

H. J. Kadhim, B. M. Al-Dabbagh, R. M. Salih, and D. S. Ahmed, "Nano composites films for food packaging applications", AIP Conference Proceeding., vol. 2372, 2021.

H. Hassan, M. D. Balqees, and J. F. Qais, "Study the coupling agents of the common effect of adding high reactive mineral admixture meta-kaolin and super-plasticizer on the mechanical properties of lightweight concrete prepared by LECA aggregate", Journal of Al-Qadisiyah for computer science and mathematics, vol. 14, pp. 71-87, 2022.

B. Al dabbagh, M. M. Ismail, L. Q. Ibrhium, Z. Cheng, and L. Zhang, “Dielectric constant of nano-CCTO/epoxy composite”, I S O R J Appl. Phys, vol. 5, pp. 49-54, 2013.

B. M. Dheyaa, W. H. Jassim and N. A. Hameed, "Evaluation of the epoxy/antimony trioxide nanocomposites as flame retardant", J. Phys.: Conf. Ser., vol. 1003, 2018.

B. M. Deya’a, F. M. Hussien, and I. G. Dway, "Studying the Impact Strength of (Epoxy with TiO2 and MgO) Composite", Eng. & Tech. Journal, Vol. 29, No.10, p. 1971-1978, 2011.

B. M. Al-Dabbagh, and H. J. Al-Shimary, "Comparison Between Some Properties Of Nano And Micro Pvc Fibers Reinforced Polyester Composites", Int. J. Metall. Mater. Sci. Eng., vol. 6, pp. 33-38, 2016.

B. Al-Dabbagh, H. Al-Shimari,"Preparation of nano-silver particles by chemical method for antibacteria’s applications", Int. J. Nanotechnol. Appl., vol. 3, pp. 21–26, 2013.

L. Q. Ibrhium, M. M. Ismail, B. M. Aldabbagh, "Dielectric constant of nano-CCTO/epoxy composite", J. Appl. Phys., vol. 5, pp. 49–54, 2013.

J. K. Hanaa, M. D. Balqees, "Studying the Effect of Kaolin Nano Particles on the Hydrophobicity Behavior of Polystyrene Nanofibers Prepared by Electrospinning Technique", Journal of University of Babylon for Engineering Sciences, vol. 30, pp.76-90, 2022.

T. M. Hameed, M. D. Balqees, and R. K Jasim, "Reinforcement of denture base materials with Nano sisal fibers powder", Materials Today: Proceedings, vol.61, p. 1015-1022, 2022.

Awham M. Hamid, Sabah S., and Balkees M. Dhyaa, "Studying of the Impact Strength of Rubber- Toughened Thermosets", Eng. & Tech. Journal, vol. 27, no.1, pp. 203-216, 2009.

B. J. Rashad, and A. H. Al-Falahi, and B. M. Aldabbagh, "Study of Some Mechanical Properties and Thermal Conductivity of Epoxy/TiO2-ZnO Hybrid Nano Composites”, Journal of university of Anbar for Pure science, vol.11, pp. 30–36, 2007.

B. M. Deaa, and H. J. Abdel-Hussein, “Wear Resistance for Thermosetting Polymer Blend”, Eng. & Tech. Journal, vol. 27, p. 512, 2009.

B. M. Deyaa and T. M. Hameed, "A study of nano materials on the Physical properties of Epoxy Composites'', Iraqi Journal of Physics, vol. 15, pp. 68-76, 2017.

Mohammed Jawad H. Kadhim, Balqees M. Al-dabbagh, and Hanaa J. Kadhim, “Study of the Mechanical Properties of Polypropylene Composites Reinforced with Alumina Microfibers”, Euro.J.Ph.Ch.Ma., vol. 7, pp. 35–41, Jun. 2022.

Jamal Kh., Balqees M. D., Ahmed A. R., "A study of some mechanical and physical properties of the epoxy resin fortified by nanomaterial", Journal of collage of education, vol. 1, Part.2, p.1-10, 2022.

Teba M. Hameed, Balqees M. AlDabbagh, Ragdaa K. Jasim, "Effect of Natural Sisal Fibers on Mechanical Properties of Heat Cured Acrylic Resin", Macromolecular Symposia, vol. 401, p. 2100345, 2022. https://doi.org/10.1002/masy.202100345

Muna M. Shalaan, Ahmad H. M. AL-Falahi, and Balkees M., "Study of Mechanical Properties and Thermal Conductivity of Polymeric Blend [Epoxy and polysulfide rubber (EP+ PSR)] Reinforced by Nano Ceramic Powder ZrO2", Journal of Physics: Conference Series, vol. 1892, p. 012013, 2021.

B. M. Al Dabbagh, H. J. Kadhim, and R. M. Salih, "Studying the effect of Polyamide 6 Nanofibers on Physical and Chemical Properties of Unsaturated Polyester Reinforced by Glass Fibers Composites", IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, vol. 757, p. 012001, 2020.

Kazi M. Zakir Hossain, Reda M. Felfel, Prince S. Ogbilikana, Dhruma Thakker, David M. Grant, Colin A. Scotchford, and Ifty Ahmed, "Single Solvent-Based Film Casting Method for the Production of Porous Polymer Films", Macromolecular Materials and Engineering, vol.303, no. 4, p.628, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1002/mame.201700628

S. H. El-Nasrawy, "The effect of gamma rays on some physical properties of high and low viscosity carboxyethylcellulose", Master’s thesis -Babylon University - College of Science. 1998.

C. Adam, A. Kashif, and A. Hussain, "Technology and Chemistry of Polymers", Book, University of Basra, 1983.

A. Al-Nomani, "Study of the effect of gamma rays - on some physical properties of hydroxyethyl cellulose polymer”, Master’s Thesis, University of Babylon, College of Science, 2000.

J. Zhou, C. Wei, G. Jia, X. Wang, Q. Tang, Z. Feng, and C. Li., "The structural transition and compaction of human telomeric G-quadruplex induced by excluded volume effect under cation-deficient conditions", Biophysical Chemistry, vol. 136, no. 2-3, 2008. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bpc.2008.05.005

Khaleda H. Al-Mayali, "The effect of gamma rays - on some physical properties of polyisobutylene", Master's Thesis, University of Babylon, College of Science, 2001.

Muhammad Ezz, "An Introduction to Material Science and Engineering, Part 2, book , Riyadh - Saudi Arabia, 2002.

Balqees M. D. Al-Dabbagh, "Effect of the percentage of reinforcement with synthetic fibers on the physical properties of a composite material of phenolic-novalc resin", Al-Nahrain Journal of Science, vol. 11, pp. 22-28, 2008.

R. A. Abbas, M. A. Sahib, and B. M. Dyaa, "Study of adhesive wear of epoxy reinforced with glass fibers composite material", Al-Nahrain Journal of College of Engineering, vol. 13 , pp. 1-15, 2010.

B. M. Aldabbagh, H. Sh. Majdi, and M. R. Hussien, "Study the Effect of Ultra Violet Rays (UV) on Some Mechanical Properties of Epoxy Composites", Engineering and Technology Journal, vol. 27, pp. 524-538, 2009.

B. M. Aldabbagh and A. R. Ahmmed, "The effect of UV–Radiation on Thermal and Mechanical Properties of (PP/LDPE) Blends", Tikrit Journal of Pure Science, vol. 21, Pp. 71-75, 2018.

M. Z. Abdullah, A. R. Al-Sarraf, and B. M. Dhiaa, "Studing Effect of Temperature on Some Mechanical Properties of Single and Hybrid Composites", Ibn AL-Haitham Journal for Pure and Applied Science, vol. 24, 2017.

Z. Liu, X. Fu, L. Jiang, B. Wu, J. Wang, and J. Lei, "Solvent-free synthesis and properties of novel solid–solid phasechange materials with biodegradable castor oil for thermalenergy storage", Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells, vol.147, pp.177-184, 2016.

S. Botov, "Investigation on Novel Polymer Filter Medium for Filtration of Automotive Lubricants", M.sc thesis, University of Sheffield, 2016.




How to Cite

alesa, H. J.; Al – Dabbagh, B. M. . A Study of Properties of Polyethylene Glycol and Its Glass Fibers Composites under UV-Rad for Oils Filtration Applications: PEG/Glass Fibers Composites. Journal of Petroleum Research and Studies 2023, 13, 118-131.