The Economic Feasibility of using Renewable Energy in Iraqi Oil Fields

Authors

  • Rana R. Jalil Ministry of Oil / Petroleum Research and Development Center
  • Hashim J. Mohammed Ministry of Oil / Petroleum Research and Development Center

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.52716/jprs.v12i4.727

Keywords:

solar; capital; operation cost; generator.

Abstract

This study included over all about competition of renewable energy to the conventional energy, and the economic growth on the demand for renewable energy technology especially solar energy, and the increasing on its annual cost decline. Also, highlight on the most important projects applied in the oil fields in the Middle East and America.

In this study, a design and economic simulation of the solar energy system was conducted as a source for generating electricity with a capacity of 1 megawatt and a comparison of the capital and operation cost between the solar energy system, diesel generators, government and private sectors stations at the same operating time and the same energy. The economic simulation has shown that there is a big difference between the capital costs, as the cost of the solar energy system is about (40-37%) higher than the cost of diesel generators and investment stations, respectively, for a maximum operating capacity of 1 megawatt/hour, but on the other hand, it is characterized by The solar energy system has a depreciation factor of 0.75% compared to its counterparts, which reaches 10%, and the standard of its energy cost is low, reaching 0.22 $/ kilowatt compared to other sources of energy. In addition, Payback period of the solar energy system was 9 years by saving fuel cost and its low operating cost that reach to 0.0183 $/kWh, compared to its counterparts from government sector station, diesel generators, power stations. (Fuel from the investor), and private sector stations (fuel from the investor), whose operating costs are (0.1, 0.076, 0.038, 0.1) $/kWh, respectively. The results showed that the solar system economically feasible, with lifetime 25 years, while the generator lifetime ten years only. The solar radiation system limits carbon emissions, as the amount of carbon emissions per kilowatt of energy using conventional fuels is (185-265) grams of CO2 per kilowatt.

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Published

2022-12-15

How to Cite

(1)
Jalil, R. R.; Mohammed, H. J. The Economic Feasibility of Using Renewable Energy in Iraqi Oil Fields. Journal of Petroleum Research and Studies 2022, 12, 137-156.

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Articles