Experimental Investigation of Pipeline In-Service Welding Process
Keywords:In-Service Welding, Temperature History, Thermal Stress, Pipelines
Welding of pipeline in active operation (called in-service welding) is an advanced
technique employed to repair pipelines to safe transmission of petroleum or gas. A thermal
experimental study is accomplished on welding process of gas pipeline in this work. An
experimental setup had been designed, manufactured and instrumented to estimate the method
for repairing locally pipelines defects (such as cracks and holes wall surface) under the influence
of internal pressure. Also the thermal history of welding process was investigated experimentally
to three cases which are : traditional welding process with no fluid flows inside the test pipe, an
in-service welding process considering air as the flowing fluid inside test pipe, and an in-service
welding process considering the liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) as flowing fluid inside test pipe.
Results show that direct deposition of welding metal on a through hole under the influence of
internal pressure succeeded for flow rate less than (12lpm) and failed for flow equal or higher
than (12lpm) in which a sleeve repair is considered. The calculations are followed by a separate
thermal stress analysis based on the thermal history.
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