The Use of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) Measurements and Conventional Logs to Predict Permeability for a Complex Carbonate Formation
Permeability is one of the most important property for reservoir characterization, and its prediction has been one of the fundamental challenges specially for a complex formation such as carbonate, due to this complexity, log analysis cannot be accurate enough if it’s not supported by core data, which is critically important for formation evaluation. In this paper, permeability is estimated by making both core and log analysis for five exploration wells of Yammama formation, Nasiriyah oil field. The available well logging recorders were interpreted using Interactive Petrophysics software (IP) which used to determine lithology, and the petrophysical properties. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) Measurements is used for laboratory tests, which provide an accurate, porosity and permeability measurements. The results show that the main lithology in the reservoir is limestone, in which average permeability of the potential reservoir units’ values tend to range from 0.064275 in zone YA to 20.74 in zone YB3, and averaged porosity values tend to range from 0.059 in zone YA to 0.155 in zoneYB3. Zone YB3 is found to be the best zone in the Yammama formation according to its good petrophysical properties. The correlation of core-log for permeability and porosity produce an acceptable R^2 equal to 0.618, 0.585 respectively
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