Isothermal adsorption models: mini-focused observations


  • Kafa K. Hammud Ministry of Science and Technology



adsorption, isotherm model, Freundlich, Langmuir, Temkin, R2.


Adsorption is kinetically time-dependence controlled retention/ release mobility as a natural phenomenon in base and applicable in industry or in science. It is well-studied and modulated by known Langmuir, Temkin, Freundlich, and other models to describe how it occurred and explains kinetic- thermodynamic material behaviour.

Linear and/ or non- linear expressions may take place according to the theoretical base of these models to conclude the layer formation, uniformity besides reaction reversibility, and favourability from kinetic- thermodynamic principles.

Coefficient of determination (R2) is a mean variation of data or a degree of proper or fitting as mostly used in kinetic and isotherm literatures. In adsorption investigations, experimental physical- chemical conditions and error sources are the main influenced factors, for example, at surface coverage (or inhibition efficiency) in corrosion treatments or adsorption capacity in pollution subject. Linearity variation will govern R2 to predict adsorbate behaviour on adsorbent surface that is highly influenced by concentration, temperature, pH, type of measuring method, physical and chemical structures of the adsorbent and adsorbate, and error sources in each experiment.


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How to Cite

Hammud, K. K. Isothermal Adsorption Models: Mini-Focused Observations. Journal of Petroleum Research and Studies 2023, 13, 132-145.